WORLD WAR II
World War II, Douglas MacArthur
Japanese Surrender Teletype Army News Service - 1945
Extraordinarily scarce and historically important, this original teletype issued by Army News Service announces the unconditional surrender of Japan following the devastating destruction of Hiroshima and Nagasaki by atomic bombs, effectively ending World War II.
This is also the first announcement of General Douglas MacArthur taking over as Supreme Allied Commander, placed in charge of the formal surrender of Tokyo, and for the next six years, he remained in Japan to command the occupation forces there and to oversee the rebuilding of the country.
Original battlefield-sourced documentation, especially from Pacific Operations during World War II, is in great demand. Full text reads:
JGTA V WAR
FROM WSV 4/2306Z
TO LIST ONE FOURTEENTH / PART ONE OF ONE PART /
ANS BULLETIN WASHINGTON FOURTEENTH
JAPAN HAS OFFICIALLY ACCEPTED OUTSIDE TERMS FOR UNCONDITIONAL SURRENDER WITHOUT QUALIFICATION PRESIDENT TRUMAN ANNOUNCED TONIGHT AT SEVEN PEE EM PARA
THE SURRENDER WILL BE ACCEPTED BY GENERAL MACARTHUR WHEN ARRANGEMENTS CAN BE COMPLETED. THE TERMS PROVIDED AUTHORITY OF EMPEROR SHALL BE SUBJECT TO SUPREME COMMANDER OF ALLIED POWERS WITH EMPEROR ISSUING SUCH ORDERS AS SUPREME COMMANDER REQUIRES PARA
OTHER TERMS AS SET FORTH IN POTSDAM DECLARATION CALL FOR ELIMINATION OF AUTHORITY AND INFLUENCE OF THOSE QUOTE WHO HAVE DECEIVED AND MISLED PEOPLE OF JAPAN TO EMBARK ON WORLD CONQUEST UNQUOTE CMA OCCUPATION BY ALLIES OF DESIGNATED POINTS IN JAPANESE TERRITORY CMA LIMITING OF JAPANESE SOVEREIGNITY TO FOUR MAIN HOME ISLANDS CMA COMPLETE DISARMAMENT OF ALL JAP MILITARY FORCES CMA REMOVAL OF ALL OBSTACLES TO REVIVAL OF QUOTE DEMOCRATIC TENDENCIES UNQUOTE AMONG JAPANESE PEOPLE CMA AND WITHDRAWAL OF ALLIED OCCUPATION FORCES AS SOON AS THEIR OBJECTIVES HAVE BEEN ACCOMPLISHED AND RESPONSIBLE JAPANESE GOVERNMENT HAS BEEN ESTABLISHED PARA GENERAL MACARTHUR WILL BE ALLIED SUPREME COMMANDER IN JAPAN ITEN
ARMY NEWS SERVICE
THAT IS ALL FOR NOW ROGER
[Image not included; for reference only]
The surrender of Imperial Japan was announced on August 15 and formally signed on September 2, 1945, bringing the hostilities of World War II to a close. By the end of July 1945, the Imperial Japanese Navy was incapable of conducting major operations and an Allied invasion of Japan was imminent. Together with the British Empire and China, the United States called for the unconditional surrender of the Japanese armed forces in the Potsdam Declaration on July 26, 1945—the alternative being "prompt and utter destruction."
On August 6, 1945, at 8:15 AM local time, the United States detonated an atomic bomb over the Japanese city of Hiroshima. Sixteen hours later, American President Harry S. Truman called again for Japan's surrender, warning them to "expect a rain of ruin from the air, the like of which has never been seen on this earth." On August 9, 1945, the United States dropped a second atomic bomb, this time on the Japanese city of Nagasaki. Following these events, Emperor Hirohito intervened and ordered the Supreme Council for the Direction of the War to accept the terms the Allies had set down in the Potsdam Declaration for ending the war. After several more days of behind-the-scenes negotiations and a failed coup d'état, Emperor Hirohito gave a recorded radio address across the Empire on August 15. In the radio address he announced the surrender of Japan to the Allies.